How to make lawn

soil Preparation 

To ensure good stability of the pitch to the strong trampling need to create loose root zone depth of at least 15-20 cm Upper soil layers, as well as lower should have a porous structure so that rain water could seep into the ground and zastaivayas on its surface, and the roots of grass could grow. Compacted soil inevitably causes problems require frequent loosening and deep harrowing.

Lawn should be placed horizontally, while a slight slope down from the house are often more profitable. It is always necessary to carry out the alignment of the lower soil layer. In many cases, before the alignment may need to remove the top layer of soil. After alignment of the upper layer of the soil return to the original location and shape it the same thickness.
soil improvement

best lawns can be done on predominantly sandy soils. If your site clay soils it is recommended to add to the top layer 5-10 cm of sand in order to create a suitable root zone. Peat usually do not add.

Sand and top soil must be thoroughly mixed and form the root zone to a depth of at least 15-20 see the result of mixing of sand and topsoil, which is conducted with the purpose of formation of the root zone, often appear in areas with subsidence of the soil and the air cavity. To prevent further subsidence is necessary to eliminate these areas and then to align the entire field.
Weeds

If the soil while not cultivated before sowing grass will be useful to release her from weed seeds, otherwise they will germinate and cause trouble on the newly seeded lawn.

the best way is to loosen the entire site at regular intervals as weeds, while not the best time for planting grass.
Planting

Before sowing it is necessary to carefully align the whole plot. Check the degree of uniformity by using a long strap or step-ladders. If the alignment is carried out satisfactorily, loosen the soil with a rake, leaving the top of 2-2 .5 cm of loose soil. Clods, stones, weeds, etc. should be removed.

the Best time for sowing is late summer - early autumn. Short daylight hours, the relatively high humidity of air and soil, moderate temperatures at this time of the year contribute to the rapid pobegoobrazuyuschaya and rapid growth of the root system of grasses. Also during this period of time is less chance of overgrown plot of weeds.

When you sow in the spring you can get very good lawns, although there is a significant risk in terms of the lack of moisture and even the possibility of drought. Here, you may want to spend the sprinkler. For newly seeded lawn sprinkler should be cautious to use mellotrone the sprinklers, which would ensure good wetting of the soil and could not be washed seeds from it.

Seeding is carried out manually or by using a drill. If you prefer to sow manually divide the seeds into four equal parts and sown with their four sides: 1/4 along the plot, 1/4 in the opposite direction, 1/4 from left to right, 1/4 right to left. When sowing with seed drill divide the seeds into two equal parts and are sown in the longitudinal and transverse direction.

Before sowing the seeds thoroughly recommended. With seeds add a little fertilizer, such as nitrogen-phosphorus-potassium, in order germinating seeds well began its growth.

After the introduction of seeds and fertilizers the soil should be lightly smooth with a rake to cover the seeds with a layer of earth with a thickness of 5 mm maximum. You cannot ride the lawn when wet soil. In dry weather you can spend packing. The preferred mesh Valka before smooth. The use of mesh roll is a simple and effective way of sowing seeds in the top soil layer. The surface remains homogeneous and does not form a crust.
Care of common and ornamental lawns

Every gardener wants to do the lawn, which has long remained the object of his pride. So that the lawn has not been a constant source of problems, it is necessary to carry out certain work to preserve it healthy grass cover. You can also do some additional work to improve the appearance of the lawn.

the Basic rules that we must not forget:

Regularly salivate grass to an acceptable height

Use the right types of fertilizers in the right quantities in the period when the grass needs it

Water your lawn before the grass begins to dry up

Spend the weeds before they begin to suppress the grass

Time spend struggle with moss

Perform finish the edges of the lawn

Spend on the lawn cleaning rake in early spring and late autumn.

Re-sow trampled or having little grass plots.

it is Extremely important to use a good lawn mower and properly trim the grass. The cutting edges of the lawn mower should be sharp and well adjusted. For ornamental lawns preferred cylindrical mowers front rotor.
mowing the grass on the newly seeded lawn

first time young grass cut in reaching its height 6-8 see When you first mowing should be removed only 1-1,5 see the tops of the leaves. Subsequent mowing height is gradually reduced until it reaches 4-4,5 cm
mowing the grass on old lawns


the Purpose of mowing is not only maintaining a small height of the grass. Proper mowing helps build strong, dense and resistant to trampling turf.

the Purpose of cutting is to maintain sufficient length of grass to prevent starvation for the roots, but the grass should be short enough so that the lawn had an attractive appearance. Height sachivalaya should vary only slightly during the growing season. Normal height sachivalaya - 4-4,5 cm In dry periods and in the summer you can increase the height to 5-5 .5 see Never cut the grass too short.

Cut the grass will be removed from the lawn. However, in dry periods grass clippings can be left on the lawn, as it helps to reduce evaporation. Mowing in dry weather gives the best result. The direction of mowing should be changed with each subsequent pass of the mower.
fertilization

in order to preserve the beautiful, thick and strong turf, you need to make optimal dose required fertilizer during periods determined by the growth of grass. The use of fertilizers leads not just to accelerate growth, but requires additional work with the mower. Balanced application of fertilizers containing nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium, magnesium promotes healthy, dense turf with beautiful fresh color; it also prevents the growth of weeds and moss and increases the resistance of the lawn to drought and diseases.

When the mowing of grass and removal of lawn you take herbs nutrients. If you do not make up for the nutrients that were removed, the grass on the lawn will stop their growth, turn yellow and lose thickness; increase the probability of the spread of weeds and moss.

Fertilizers only when grass is dry. After the lawn is recommended to water.
the weed

On the lawn all plants that are not grass, should be regarded as weeds. Some lawns separate coarse grass species can be classified as weeds.

it is Not unusual to see the newly seeded lawn, which is completely overgrown ordinary weeds. If the lawn is laid, regular mowing will lead to obvious changes in the species composition of weeds. Most weed species cannot tolerate low mowing. This leaves a small group of plants with low growth and creeping along the ground, which do not fall under the knife of the mower. Such weeds are removed by mechanical or chemical means.
through the lawn rake

throughout the year on the lawn accumulate a lot of garbage: the dead and grass clippings, fallen from the trees and bushes leaves, emissions of earthworms. In autumn, fallen leaves should be removed at least once a week. Held in the spring cleaning rake to remove the dead leaves and emissions earthworms will contribute to the growth of grass. During the growing period should be cleaned lawn rake with certain intervals.

Vertical trimming is the best way mechanical removal of debris from the lawn. In the process of pruning is driven by a number of vertical blades, rotating in a horizontal plane, which netscout vegetation and remove dead plant material at the foot of grass. After that, all residues can be easily removed using conventional iron rake.